Who Wrote Sangam Literature?

What is called Sangam?

The Sangam literature, sometimes referred to as the Caṅkam literature or Koodal literature (Tamil: சங்க இலக்கியம், caṅka ilakkiyam) connotes the ancient Tamil literature and is the earliest known literature of South India.

Scholars consider this Tamil tradition-based chronology as ahistorical and mythical..

What are the three Sangam?

According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period. Historians use the term Sangam period to refer the last of these, with the first two being legendary.

Which is the first language in the world?

Tamil languageThe Tamil language is recognized as the oldest language in the world and it is the oldest language of the Dravidian family. This language had a presence even around 5,000 years ago. According to a survey, 1863 newspapers are published in the Tamil language only every day.

Why Sangam age is so called?

The word ‘Sangam’ is the Tamil form of the Sanskrit ‘Sangha’ which means an association. Thus, the Sangam Age refers to the period when bulk of Tamil literature was composed by a body of Tamil scholars and poets in three successive literary gatherings called Sangam.

Where was the first Sangam held?

MaduraiThe first Sangam (mutaṟcaṅkam)mudharchangam is described as having been held at “the Madurai which was submerged by the sea”, lasted a total of 4400 years, and had 549 members, which supposedly included some gods of the Hindu pantheon such as Siva, Kubera, Murugan and Agastya.

In which language Sangam literature is written?

Tamil languageSangam literature, sangam also spelled cankam, chankam, or shangam, the earliest writings in the Tamil language, thought to have been produced in three chankams, or literary academies, in Madurai, India, from the 1st to the 4th century ce.

Who composed the Sangam literature?

TolkappiyarSangam Literature – Tolkappiyam Composed by Tolkappiyar. Oldest extant Tamil work till date. Dated between 4th and 5th century CE.

Who is the father of Tamil literature?

AgastayaWho is known as the Father of Tamil literature? Notes: As per Tamil sources, the father of Tamil literature is ‘Agastaya’.

What is the Sangam literature and when were they composed?

Sangam was the ancient academy of Tamil poets and authors in the city of Madurai in South India under the patronage of the Pandya kings. It is difficult to estimate the exact date of these Sangam works. Some scholars suggest the historical Sangam literature era spanned from c. 300-BCE to 300-CE.

Who attended the second Sangam?

Formation. The second Sangam was convened in Kapatapuram. This Sangam lasted for 3700 years and had 59 members, with 1700 poets participating. There were 59 Pandiya kings starting from Vendercceliyan to Mudattirumaran were decedents and rulers of that period.

Who is known as the father of English literature?

Geoffrey ChaucerGeoffrey Chaucer. He was born in London sometime between 1340 and 1344. He was an English author, poet, philosopher, bureaucrat (courtier), and diplomat. He is also referred to as the father of English Literature.

Is Sangam age important for UPSC?

Such was the age of ‘Sangam Period’ which was lived by three great dynasties of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. Going by the trend of UPSC questions asked in prelims and mains, it can be assumed that this is an important topic for IAS Exam. The syllabus of History has three segments and ancient history is one of them.

What is the meaning of Sangam in Sangam age?

Sangam means a gathering of learned men. The literature compiled in such gatherings is known as ‘Sangam Literature’. It is the most ancient literature in Tamil. A whole time period is labelled after this known as the Sangam Age.

Who was the first female poet?

Anne BradstreetAnne Bradstreet: America’s First Poet.

Which is the oldest Tamil literature?

TolkāppiyamTolkāppiyam (Tamil: தொல்காப்பியம், lit. “ancient poem”) is the most ancient surviving Tamil grammar text and the oldest surviving work of Tamil literature.